Roles of Knitting, Dyeing, and Printing in the Quality of Fabric
It is essential to note that dying, knitting and printing tends to be essential especially on matters pertaining how a fabric appears and feel. Dying tends to be the most commonly used method of imparting color on cotton linen and includes yarn dyeing and piece dyeing. Yard dying tends to be done before knitting and is mainly done with the intention of producing plaids, gingham checks, woven stripes, as well as many other special effects. Piece dyeing is used when the fabric in question is needed in one solid color hence one would need to avoid it where he or she needs to mix up colors. One tends to pass the fabric through the padded rollers where the color spreads throughout the fabric while the excess color is pressed out of the fabric.
Packaging dyeing tends to be yet another method of dying which involves winding of yards on a cylinder with the intention of impacting color on it. The dye tends to be pressurized both from the inside as well as from the outside. There also tend to be computers use with the intention of increasing speed and accuracy. Printing colored designs can be as simple as printing on paper where one has the right machine and people doing it. With this type of printing, it is possible for one to yield 50 to 100 yards per minute.
One would also utilize automatic screen printing
especially where one needs color design on a fabric. In an instance where one wants to produce larger designs, he or she would need to utilize this method of printing but would need to know that it tends to be slower. One can also utilize flatbed screen printing which uses a fine mesh of screen with each mesh handling its distinct color. One would also excempt some parts of the fabric from dye by covering with lacquer or any other dye resistant coating. Depending on what one wants, it is possible to have up 16 colors on a fabric.
Design and durability highly relies on the finishing one puts after printing. Depending on what one wants, hundreds of finishes can be applied to the textile. It is also essential to note that finishing of cotton tends to be easier and more efficient when compared to other types of fabrics. Among the things finishing does on a clothing includes adding water repellency, flame resistance, shrinkage control or any other effect one would need to ensure on a fabric in question. Depending on what one wants, it is also possible to add more than one finish to a single fabric for durability and aesthetic values of the fabric and the final clothing in question.
Supporting reference: Going Here